Monday, February 24, 2020
War on Drugs - Coursework Example The major unintended consequences of the war on drugs include the criminalization of drug users, death penalty; punitive sentencing practices such as mandatory sentencing; excessive levels of imprisonment and the enforced drug detention centers. The drug policy directly affected the poor, vulnerable and the socially excluded groups, particularly the women and ethnic minorities. Generally, a larger percentage of the small scale drug offenders exhibit no history of criminal acts such as high level drug selling activities or violence. However, illegal drug perpetrators make up a large percentage of arrests; in the US, marijuana made up 40% of total drug arrest in 2005 (Penal Reform International, 2010). The US has been largely criticized for racially molding the War on Drugs. Even though the rate of marijuana use is evenly spread across the population, the Native American users seem to be favored by the law with Blacks and Latinos disfavored in the process. For instance, among the inmates incarcerated in prisons for drug related offences, 37% were Blacks, 31% Hispanics and only 28% were Whites in 2007 (Pew Research Center, 2009). In conclusion, the War on Drug initiative has proven ineffective in controlling the production, trafficking and consumption of the illegal drugs. It is also associated with numerous other impacts such as criminal justice system overload, overwhelmed courts, and overcrowded prisons exacerbated health problems. This, therefore, would suggest the need for trial of alternative measures such as legalization of drug use. Penal Reform International.(2010). The unintended negative consequences of the Ã¢â¬Ëwar on drugsÃ¢â¬â¢: mass criminalization and punitive sentencing. Retrieved
Friday, February 7, 2020
Groupware - Essay Example Let us now discuss whether implementing a groupware turns out to be a problem for my organization or not. The name of the organization, where I work, is United States Air force. I work in the satellite communications department where my job is to supervise wireless radio and satellite systems and equipment maintenance activities. Some of my other core responsibilities include ensuring compliance with maintenance management publications and procedures, inspecting wireless radio/satellite communications activities, employing orbiting communication satellite, line-of-sight, and tropospheric scatter techniques, Installing ground radio, satellite, and telemetry communications equipment, and locating radio frequency interference sources. Ã The organization has recently implemented a groupware to help all departments fulfill their responsibilities in a collaborative manner. Ã¢â¬Å"If designed and implemented properly, groupware systems are very useful when it comes to supporting knowledge managementÃ¢â¬ (Frost, 2010). The type of groupware, which has been implemented for use by the company, is management information system. Let us discuss this groupware and its advantages and disadvantages for the company. Information is the key to success of any organization. Management information system means management of the information, which is required to administer different business activities. MIS keeps proper record of all information that is needed to run the business activities effectively. The main task of a management information system is to ensure delivery of correct information to the intended receivers of the information. In our company, MIS helps us document the collected information, store the information in appropriate locations, keep track of the information, and provide required information to the concerned departments. Completeness and relevance are also two of the key aspects of a management information system. The users are provided with complete and the
Wednesday, January 29, 2020
Eugenics the Unethical Pseudoscience Essay Our topic was on selective human breeding, or in other words eugenics. If you donÃ¢â¬â¢t know what eugenics is donÃ¢â¬â¢t worry IÃ¢â¬â¢ll tell you, according to Oxford dictionaries eugenics is the science of improving a population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics. Desirable heritable characteristics for example can be things like a particular eye color, hair color, height, etc. My question to you all is if you think eugenics is ethical or not? I want to hear your answer after I give you my reasons of why I donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe eugenics is ethical. Now this might not sound like such a controversial topic but the history of eugenics is not exactly a bright one. Now everyone knows how WWII began, and the people responsible for it. Hitler and his henchmen victimized an entire continent, murdered millions, during his search for what he called the Ã¢â¬Å"Master Race. Ã¢â¬ His vision of the ideal race was white, blonde-haired, and blue-eyed, but contrary to popular belief, this idea of the Ã¢â¬Å"Master RaceÃ¢â¬ did not originate with Hitler. The idea came from the United States and its eugenics program. The E. R.Ã O also known as the Eugenics Record Office was founded on 1910 in New York. A thing that not many people know is that the United States actually had one of the largest eugenic movements in the world. Eugenics was used by scientists as a way to control people, by that I mean they would use various research methods, hereditary questionnaires, and interviewing groups with special interests. The E. R. O. was able to convince the U. S. government to administer eugenic laws nationwide. This included immigration and marriage restrictions, race segregation, and forced sterilization of criminals and who was seen as undesirable. Well what is forced sterilization you ask? To simplify it for males itÃ¢â¬â¢s a vasectomy and for woman itÃ¢â¬â¢s a tubal ligation, getting your tubes tied. The U. S. was forcing people to be sterilized just because they were seen as unfit to breed, because they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t fall under what was seen as desirable. Now this thing eugenics they called it science, I personally see it as pseudoscience used to discriminate people, was used for decades. Oh and did you know that California had the largest eugenics movement in the country. From 1907 to the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s over 60,000 people were forced sterilized in the U. S. alone, and 20,000 of those people were in California. Now who decides if a person should be forced sterilized or not, well a list was made and if a person has or falls under any of the items on that list, they are to be sterilized right away. The few things on that list are paralysis, congenital blindness, acquired deafness, sexual promiscuity, and not being physically attractive. Now I have a video IÃ¢â¬â¢d like to show you about eugenics and its forced sterilization.
Tuesday, January 21, 2020
The Effects of War and Music Together How are music and war related? Music puts a voice in the peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s ears, and tells them whether or not we should be involved in that war. It helped out the troops when they were over seas to not be so home sick. Also, every war preceding the Vietnam War had music to help or support the war, but the Vietnam War is where music during wartime changed. The Vietnam War has been called "America's first rock-and-roll war" because of rock music that was played and listened to by all Americans. As the draft was raised and draft dodgers were being cracked down on, an overwhelming number of military personnel belonged to one generation: the average age of combat soldiers was 19 and 90 percent were under 23 years of age (Vietnam War Characteristics). Many of these soldiers did not want to be in Vietnam, and no one wanted to be away from his surroundings back home. Therefore, many soldiers took things that reminded them of home. Rock music was what most soldiers brought from home, along with beads and peace symbols. The beads and peace symbols were worn with the uniforms to remind the soldiers of the family at home (Abernathy interview). Between the military branches, there was no preference in what music was liked, however officers liked one thing and soldiers liked another. Most soldiers preferred hard rock or psychedelic music; 30 percent enjoyed rhythm and blues; 10 percent, country; 5 percent, classical; and 10 percent...
Monday, January 13, 2020
Many people are affected by genetic disorders every day. Abnormalities in oneÃ¢â¬â¢s DNA are what cause a genetic disorder. These disorders could be as little as a mutation in a single gene. In another case, they could be as severe as having an extra chromosome, or taking away a chromosome. Genetic disorders are present from birth, but they may not be visibly seen until a later age. Some mutations could be heritable, or from your parents genes. Some forms of cancer can be inherited form a parent. Although, in most cases, these mutations are new changes to the DNA. Ã¢â¬Å"All humans have the same basic set of genesÃ¢â¬ . This means that everyone has the probability that they could get a genetic disorder. The thing that makes us different is the genetic sequence. There are many different types of genetic disorders. A few of them are: Angleman syndrome, Hemophilia, Sickle-cell disease, Neurofibromatosis, Cri du chat, and Down syndrome. People are born with these diseases and have to face many challenges every day to live with these genetic mutations. This essay is going to specifically cover one genetic disorder called Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou GehrigÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, is a genetic disorder that occurs in the nervous system. Each word in ALS briefly describes what the disorder is. Amyotrophic has two parts to it. The prefix Ã¢â¬Å"amyoÃ¢â¬ means muscular atrophy. Atrophy means to waste away, typically due to the degeneration of cells. The suffix Ã¢â¬Å"trophicÃ¢â¬ means that it is relating to feeding and nutrition. So to sum it up, amyotrophic means that the muscles have lost their nourishment. Lateral usually means the side of something. In this case, it means that the mutation is affecting the sides of the spine. The sides of the spine are where the nerves that nourish the muscles can be found. Sclerosis is the abnormal hardening of body tissue. In this case its referring to how the mutated part of the spinal cord develops hardened or scarred tissue, in place of healthy nerves. The mutation damages nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. The damage caused by it, most of the time, leads to oneÃ¢â¬â¢s death. After motor neurons die, the brain is unable to control muscle movement, and the victim becomes paralyzed. It targets the motor neurons that allow you to make voluntary movements and it effects your muscle strength. Voluntary movements are movements in which you control. These are movements that require you to think about the action in order for it to happen. For example, lifting you leg to kick a ball is a voluntary action. Involuntary actions do not require any thinking and some happen automatically, such as your heart beating, or breathing. There are many symptoms in that come along with ALS. Most of the symptoms do not occur unless people reach the age of 50. Although there have been some cases, where the symptoms occur in younger people. According to some studies, the first two muscles that are most often affected are the muscles that allow you to swallow and breathe. There can be many noticeable symptoms because your muscles get weaker. You may notice an increase in gagging, drooling, and choking. You may feel that you cannot lift your head up, because your neck muscles are weak. There are many physical tests that can be given to attempt to diagnose Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Certain physical tests could show muscle weakness in certain areas, weird walk or posture, and abnormal reflexes. There are tests that can be used to diagnose ALS. One method is taking a blood test, so that the doctors can rule out any other possible disease that it could be. Victims can also receive a spinal tap, a MRI, or even a family background check to see if there is any history of ALS in the family. There is one major problem with Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Scientists and doctors have still not been able to find a permanent treatment for it. Although there is one medicine called riluzole that can slow down the symptoms, giving victims longer to live. Physical therapy and the use of braces, are non-medicinal ways of helping with the muscle weakness. There are many medications that can be used to help with specific symptoms of ALS. Since choking is common in someone with ALS, most people are hooked up to a tube and are fed through it. This is called a gastrostomy. A gastrostomy is when they make an opening in the stomach from the abdominal wall so they can put in food. This is obviously a surgical procedure. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis is named after Lou Gehrig, who was a famous baseball player in 1930s. The French refer to it as Maladie de Charcot because the first recording of ALS was in 1869 by a French doctor named Jean-Martin Charcot. Stephen Hawking is one of the more famous people with ALS. He has had ALS since the start of his adult life, and he has been living with it for more than 50 years. Most people die from it three to five years after the symptoms become noticeable. This is why Stephen HawkingÃ¢â¬â¢s case is very special. It was just after his 21 birthday when he found out something was wrong. Yet he is still living and doing the most he can with his life. For example, being one of the smartest people on earth. People that live with ALS every day. Once the symptoms start to show, and or get serious, they are unable to care for themselves. They are usually taken care of by a family member or even a close friend. In some serious cases, victims must remain at the hospital because they are unable to eat and function without medical assistance. As mentioned previously, the victims sometimes have to be fed through a tube because they are unable to chew. Living with ALS is a very hard thing to do. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s hard for the family members, friends, doctors, and most importantly, the victim.
Sunday, January 5, 2020
Oedipus the King, was written by Sophocles between C.A.496-406B.C. In this play, Oedipus is a great example of SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ belief that fate will control a manÃ¢â¬â¢s life no matter how much free will exists. Oedipus is a man of unflagging determination and perseverance, but one who must learn through the working out of a terrible prophecy that there are forces beyond any manÃ¢â¬â¢s conceptualization or control. OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ actions were determined before his birth, yet OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ actions are entirely determined by the Gods who control him completely. In the beginning of this tragedy, Oedipus took many actions leading to his own downfall. He tried to escape Corinth when he learned of the prophecies that were supposed to take place in his life. Instead, heÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Oedipus doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t realize the personal consequences his hunt for the murderer will have for him, and his loyalty to the truth is based on his ignorance. His pride, ignorance and unrelenting quest for the truth ultimately contributed to his destruction. An example is when Oedipus was told [after threatening Tiresias], that he was responsible for the murder of Laius. He became enraged and called the old oracle a liar. However, Oedipus thought he could outsmart the gods, but in fact, his every action moved him closer to the prophesy becoming a reality. Upon discovery of the truth of his birth from the herdsman, Oedipus cries, Ã¢â¬Å"O god all come true, all burst to light!/O light now let me look my last on you!/I stand revealed at last cursed in my birth, cursed in marriage, cursed in the lives I cut down with these handsÃ¢â¬ . (631). Oedipus knew that his fate had indeed come to pass and feels cursed by it. Oedipus was guilt, of killing his father and marrying his mother. He punishes himself for the sins he committed by gouging out his eyes. The true sin is when he attempts to raise himself to the level of the gods by trying to escape his fate. Oedipus is accepting the full burden of his acts and knows that he must be punished for his sins. Therefore, this last act of gouging out his eyes was the result of OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ free will and his tragic fate came about because every sin mustShow MoreRelatedOedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will Essay examples591 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesSophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Oedipus the King: Fate vs. Free Will In Oedipus the King, one of SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ most popular plays, Sophocles clearly depicts the GreekÃ¢â¬â¢s popular belief that fate will control a manÃ¢â¬â¢s life despite of manÃ¢â¬â¢s free will. Man was free to choose and was ultimately held responsible for his own actions. Throughout Oedipus the King, the concept of fate and free will plays an integral part in Oedipus destruction. Destined to marry his mother and murder his father, Oedipus was partly guidedRead MoreThe Value Of Leadership In Oedipus Rex By Sophocles1326 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesBased on evidence, Athenians valued bravery, confidence and heroic strength in their leaders. For example, the entire reason Oedipus from Oedipus Rex by Sophocles became king of Thebes is because he defeated the Sphinx that was guarding the city, saving the citizens (info from the backstory). On page 11, a senator makes the comment, Ã¢â¬Å"if his bosom holds a grain of fear, curses like yours he never will abide.Ã¢â¬ The reader can assume the Athenians valued bravery because the senator makes a comment againstRead MoreFate vs Free Will1663 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesOedipus The King: Fate Vs. Free Will The ancient Greek writer, Sophocles suggests that while there are factors beyond mankindÃ¢â¬â¢s control that we have the power to make choices that affect our destiny. 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The audience sees that Oedipus is the one making the divisions and altimetry it is himself that leads to his downfall. Apollo, the Greek god of prophecy, intellectual pursuits and pelage, told Oedipus about his tragic future. When we first encounter OedipusRead MoreOedipus Fate And Fate Essay777 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesFate as defined by the Merriam Webster dictionary is Ã¢â¬Ëan inevitable and often adverse outcome, condition, or endÃ¢â¬â¢. Sophocles discusses fate vs free will in his plays. In the play Oedipus Rex there was a prophecy that Oedipus was destined to kill his father and marry his mother, he attempts to escape his destiny by running away to Thebes where he meets his fate. In the play Antigone, that main character Antigone decides to go against CreonÃ¢â¬â¢s (her uncle who has inherited the throne) decree and buryRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Oedipus The King 909 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesEnglish Assignment Ã¢â¬â Oedipus The King In the story, Oedipus The King, written by Sophocles, two important aspects of OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢ character that lead to his demise are his determination to find the truth of his origin, as well as his anger. These are flaws that negatively affect the tragic outcome at the end of the plot. Oedipus first shows signs of anger when he does not want to hear what Tiresias has to say about the murderer of Laius, even after the ruler begs for the truth. Oedipus yells, Enough! IRead MoreCan You Truly Ever Escape?2156 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesThe most memorable of his warnings was in SophoclesÃ¢â¬â¢ Oedipus the King, king of Thebes that he was the landÃ¢â¬â¢s pollution. The prophet Tiresias spoke the truth about OedipusÃ¢â¬âÃ¢â¬Å"God within reckon that out, and if you find me mistaken, say I have no skill in prophecyÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âdenouncing the tragedy, as the angry Oedipus begins his painful search for the truth about himself. However, the prophecy is OedipusÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate demise. Oed ipus fought the limits of free will by ignoring social ques, and even disbelieving respectedRead MoreOedipus the King by Sophocles Essay example615 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn the story of Ã¢â¬Å"Oedipus the KingÃ¢â¬ by Sophocles portrays theme, symbolism, and imagery. With these in mind, they had influence the character to do a few things we wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t normally be doing in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society. By showing us the way he acts leads us to knowing the difference between what is right and wrong. Back in the day, we never knew what was shown as being truthful unless someone told you. So not realizing the importance role Oedipus plays is has a significant impact on the audienceÃ¢â¬â¢s reactions
Friday, December 27, 2019
Civil rights and Social Movements in the Americas Civil rights are the rights of individuals to be treated equally and free from discrimination. It allows others to be free from these unfair treatments in many different settings such as oneÃ¢â¬â¢s education, employment, and housing. Originally, the term Ã¢â¬Å"Civil RightsÃ¢â¬ referred to the efforts of achieving equality for African Americans in all settings. However, today the term is used for all people whether they are black, white, women, or men. It would also include Native Americans, African Americans, and Feminists to be justly treated. Native Americans in Canada, Latin America and United States were first truly encountered in the early to mid 1940s. Prior to this the United States passed the Indian Act in 1876, this prohibited voting, and Native Americans werenÃ¢â¬â¢t allowed to drink or wander off their reservation without permission. Although American Indians were indigenous to the Americas, they soon became one of many minorities in their own home. Native Americans are a diverse group with hundreds of different tribes. The American IndianÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle for civil rights began almost as soon as colonists set foot in the Americas. After the forefathers established the United States of America, the natives were denied their basic civil rights for several years. Although they didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a fighting period like the African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢s civil rights movement, they still took measures to achieve their equal rights. During the 1950s, the USShow MoreRelatedSocial Movements And The Civil Rights Movement1986 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagesto demand social or political change it is evident that something is wrong with the judicial system. Throughout American History, millions of people worldwide have gathered to support each other by gathering and protesting for what they believe is right. Social movements such as The Abolition Movement, The American Revolution, Women s Rights Movement, and The Civil Rights Movement are examples of the significant impact they have made to American History. Two rising controversial movements that seemRead MoreSocial Movements : Black Civil Rights2647 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesSocial movements are vital to the establishment of our societies, and they way we are governed. Social movements help the less privileged band together to create a stronger voice among a sea of political correctness and unlawfully rule that the public supposedly have to abide by without question. Movements create this new form of platform that, if done successfully, are able to create a worldwide frenzy where people from across all walks of life, including politicians, academics, the less fortunateRead MoreSocial Movements Of Philip Randolph And The Civil Rights Movement988 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThere were several social movements in the historical backdrop of the United States. One movement that stood out the most is the civil rights movement. African Americans and whites alike battled for social equality against the bigotry of the American culture amid the mid twentieth century. Following years of struggle they at last were allowed flexibility and equivalent rights with the new amendments in the constitution. However, this didnÃ¢â¬â¢t stop them from being segregated. The south was completelyRead MoreSocial Change During The Civil Rights Movement1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Social Change Essay Many times people say, Ã¢â¬Å"I wish I lived in the 50Ã¢â¬â¢s or 60Ã¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ because they seemed like interesting or fun decades. On the surface the decades looked pleasant and peaceful, but the overall experiences included many groups such as the Native Americans fighting for equality in the Civil Rights Movements.The Native Americans, Latinos, African Americans, and Asian Americans had to participate in the Civil Rights Movements in order to prevent their cultures from being taken away. EqualRead MoreSocial, Political, And Economic Institutions During The Civil Rights Movement1237 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages1. Discuss social, political, and economic institutions in play during the civil rights movement. In America, the civil rights movement has become one of the most well-known social movements in the world today. African Americans strived for full civil rights and better equality, and refused to quit fighting until their wishes were granted. The blacks protested the white supremacy in every way possible, from strikes to legal challenges in the court systems. The civil rights movement affected the everydayRead MorePublic Opinion on Gender Issues: Human Rights, American Civil Rights, and Feminist Movements1328 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesSocial Movements that Significantly Affected Public Opinion on Gender Issues: Human Rights, American Civil Rights, and Feminist Movements The development of social movements in the course of human history has led to unprecedented changes that challenged the not only the status quo, but most importantly, the worldviews of societies as well. Social movements have sprung to create a new world order that defined human societies as they exist today. It is not surprising, then, that social movements likeRead MoreMichael Brown And The Anti Black Racism1270 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesMichael Brown and were not indicted. This movement was a response to the anti-black racism that exists in our society (Cullors, Tometi Garza, 2012). Foner and Garraty (1991) point out that the Civil Rights Act of 1968 was an initiative where Civil rights activists used nonviolent protests and civil disobedience to bring about change for freedom and equality. African American leaders risked their lives to speak out for change while participating in the movement. In 1964 legislation introduced byRead MoreA Sociological Look at the Feminist Movement the Civil Rights Movement1686 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFeminist Movement The Civil Rights Movement Lauren Greene SYG2000 Tuesday/Thursday 5:00 pm December 9, 2012 Social Movements Impact Western Culture For centuries, large groups of individuals have come together to oppose prevailing ideas, challenge conformity and promote great change in beliefs, government policy and overall social reform. Whether it is an instinctual component of human existence or a way of survival as learned from previous generations, social reform isRead MoreMartin Luther King And The Civil Rights Movement979 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagespoliticians alike, challenge his contributions to the Civil Rights Movement and the legitimacy of his leadership. While King is traditionally presented as a leader of the movement, Ella Baker, an African American Civil Rights activists, questions this convention and claims Ã¢â¬Å"the [Civil Rights] movement made Martin.Ã¢â¬ Furthermore, often portrayed as the decisive factor of social change, KingÃ¢â¬â¢s leadership and significance in the Civil Rights Movement is largely overemphasized and his exaggerated historicalRead MoreThe Right Time for Martin Luther King, Jr. Essay1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAs a leader in the civil rights movement, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. had to confront both the oppression of blacks in America as well as dissenters who objected to the timing and methods King advocated. Deeply involved in the civil rights movement, King rarely had time to respond to his critics. However, while confined to the Birmingham jail after being arrested during a civil rights demonstration, King had time to address several of these widely held criticisms that were the subject of a letter